Parametric effects in colour-difference evaluation

CIE 101-1993
Division 1
978 3 900734 38 1

The variability in correlating visual colour discrimination with colorimetric measures may be understood better if parameters that affect the correlation are quantified. A review is given of known parametric effects of a human and physical nature, and advice is given for a tentative modification of colour-difference evaluation techniques based on characterized parametric effects. >p> Human factors such as variability in and between observers are very important random factors, and may be a major source of uncertainty. Some physical changes in the presentation of colour-discrimination tasks are shown to produce significant shifts of colour-difference sensitivity. In some cases these changes have been quantified, however, these results were carried out using quite different experimental techniques (such as colour matching using a visual colorimeter or judgements of constant stimuli using physical samples) and are based upon very limited numbers of colour centres and observations. Hence, more research is needed for a full understanding of their influence.

The report contains 18 pages, 1 figure and 3 tables.

The following members of TC 1-28 took part in the preparation of this technical report:

  • R.S. Berns, USA
  • F.W. Billmeyer, Jr., USA
  • K. Ikeda, Japan
  • A.R. Robertson, Canada
  • K. Witt, Germany (Chair)


  • M.R. Luo, Great Britain
  • T.O. Maier, USA